Facts about Helsinki
Helsinki’s fascinating past
- Sweden’s King Gustav Vasa founded Helsinki at the mouth of the Vantaa River in 1550 to compete with Tallinn for Baltic Sea trade: the centre of Helsinki was moved to its current location in the mid-17th century.
- In 1748, construction of the Suomenlinna Maritime Fortress began off the coast of Helsinki to counter the growing threat from Russia.
- Sweden eventually ceded Finland to Russia in 1809.
- In 1812 the status of Helsinki was raised to that of capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland. A monumental city plan was drawn up in the Empire style to reflect the power of Russia and the Tsar.
- Finland gained its independence in 1917, with Helsinki as the capital of the young republic.
- Recovering from the hardships of war, Helsinki was awarded the Summer Olympics of 1952.
- Today Helsinki is a rapidly developing international metropolis that has managed to maintain a human touch throughout the centuries.
- Helsinki is known as a city of well-organized conventions, conferences and important summit meetings.
- Finland became an EU member in 1995.
- Helsinki was one of the nine European Cities of Culture in 2000.
- Helsinki was the World Design Capital 2012.
Total area, km²: 715.6
Shoreline, km: 123
Helsinki City: 588 549
Helsinki Region: 13 03 485
Finnish-speaking, %: 83.9
Swedish-speaking, %: 6.1
Other languages, %: 10.9
- Evangelical Lutheran: 62.1
- Orthodox: 1.6
- Other: 2.3
- No religious denomination: 34
- Hotels: 53
- Hotel rooms: 8 300
- Restaurants: 1 254
- Hotels,restaurants & equivalent : 2 230
- Museums: 72
- Cinemas: 34
Recomended Sights by Green North
- Linnanmäki Amusement Park
- Suomenlinna Sea Fortress
- Korkeasaari - Helsinki Zoo
- Temppeliaukio Church
- Uspenski Cathedral
- Helsinki Cathedral
- Atenum – National Art Gallery
- Kiasma – Museum of Contemporary Art
- National Museum of Finland
- Sauna Island
Euro (€) since 2002.
Tap water in Finland is perfectly safe
Finland is in the Eastern European Time Zone:
GMT +2 hours
Tips are welcome when you are very satisfied with the service given or you have received exceptionally good service, but they are not obligatory.